Effective Strategies to Investigate and Prosecute Labor Trafficking in the U.S.

This five-part, online training series is designed to enable police and prosecutors to proactively identify victims of human trafficking and effectively investigate and prosecute labor traffickers using a victim-centered and trauma-informed approach. 

Target Audience: Law enforcement, prosecutors, victim service providers, and allied professionals  

Overall Objective: To identify labor trafficking and the modes, means, and methods with which offenders recruit and control victims; investigate labor trafficking through targeted, data-driven operations, as well as in response to identified red flags, victim disclosures, and tips from allied partners; implement trauma-informed practices to support victims, encourage participation, and conduct effective interviews; and hold offenders accountable by employing offender-focused prosecution strategies and leveraging multiple avenues to justice.

Project Funding Provided By: The U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office for Victims of Crime

Includes: A training series featuring subject matter experts discussing strategies to help police and prosecutors to proactively identify victims of labor trafficking and effectively investigate and prosecute traffickers using a victim-centered and trauma-informed approach 

To learn more about IACP’s anti-human trafficking resources, go to the https://www.theiacp.org/projects/anti-human-trafficking-training-and-technical-assistance

Jane Anderson, JD

Attorney Advisor, AEquitas: The Prosecutors’ Resource on Violence Against Women

Jane Anderson joined AEquitas in October 2014 after having served as an Assistant State Attorney in Miami Dade County. As an Attorney Advisor with AEquitas, Jane leverages her experience prosecuting domestic violence, sexual violence, stalking, and human trafficking crimes to provide technical assistance and trainings to prosecutors and allied professionals as well as develop resources, publications, and training curricula. As a prosecutor, Jane tried many of Florida’s first human trafficking cases, including related sexual assault, child abuse, and money laundering crimes. As a founding member of the Miami-Dade State Attorney’s Human Trafficking Unit and Task Force, Jane developed key partnerships and infrastructure that improved victim identification and safety, while ensuring that offenders were held accountable. Jane particularly focused on building stronger prosecutions through the use of cyber investigations, digital evidence, and racketeering (RICO) statutes. In December 2013, Jane successfully prosecuted a trafficking case where the victim did not testify at trial. Jane held several supervisory positions where she oversaw the prosecutions of domestic violence, stalking, human trafficking, and other felony level crimes. Prior to focusing on Human Trafficking prosecutions, Jane served as the Chief of Litigation for the Misdemeanor Domestic Violence Unit – the same unit where she started her legal career. While a supervisor, she trained and supervised new lawyers in the complexities of intimate partner violence and prosecutions, including best practices for victim interviewing, pretrial litigation, and trial strategies. Jane graduated cum laude with a Juris Doctor from American University, Washington College of Law, after earning a Bachelor of Arts in History from the University of Washington in Seattle. Prior to her legal career, she lived and taught English in Bangkok, Thailand. Jane is currently based in the San Francisco Bay Area. Jane is also a member of the IACP technical assistance (TA) team as a consultant and Task Force Liaison for six ECM task forces.

Jessica Grisler (Moderator)

Project Manager, IACP

Jessica Grisler is a member of the IACP Programs Team where she currently works on the Enhancing Law Enforcement Human Trafficking Task Force Operations Program to support the needs of ECM task forces through training and curriculum development. Previously, Jessica worked on IACP’s Leadership Services and Training Team where she provided logistical and programmatic organization to the leadership trainings for police executives. Before becoming a team member with the IACP, Jessica was a Communications Specialist at the Arlington County (VA) Police Department, where she assisted the Public Information Officer with inquiries from the media and public, coordinated community outreach events and safety campaigns, and worked closely with other county agencies. Jessica started her career as a Media Relations/Public Affairs intern with the Arlington County Police Department. She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Criminal Justice from the University of Delaware and is currently pursuing a Master of Public Administration at George Mason University.

Colleen Owens

Founder and CEO, The Why

Colleen Owens is an expert on human trafficking with over a decade of experience directing and implementing U.S. and international research and training and technical assistance projects funded by the U.S. Department of State, National Institute of Justice, and Bureau of Justice Assistance. She currently serves as a technical assistance provider with the national human trafficking training and technical assistance team, funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, and led by the International Association of Chiefs of Police in collaboration with AEquitas and John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Through this work, she provides technical assistance and training and is involved in labor trafficking curriculum development for the federally funded human trafficking task forces. In addition to this work, Ms. Owens is the recent Founder and CEO of THE WHY, a non-profit organization dedicated to eradicating modern slavery, promoting and supporting sustainable and ethical design, and economically empowering survivors. Prior to founding THE WHY, she served as Senior Research Associate with the Urban Institute’s Justice Policy Center where she codirected an over $4.1 million portfolio of research on human trafficking in the U.S. and several foreign countries.

Amy Fleischauer

Director of Support Services, International Institute of Buffalo, Western District of New York Human Trafficking Task Force

Amy Fleischauer, LMSW, is the Director of Survivor Support Services at the International Institute of Buffalo (IIB) and supervises a team of case managers and advocates working with nearly 500 survivors of human trafficking and domestic violence annually. Ms. Fleischauer serves as the co-facilitator of the Western District of New York’s Anti-Trafficking Task Force, a position she has held since its inception in 2007. In addition, Ms. Fleischauer serves as a project consultant for the U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI) Trafficking Victim Assistance Program, providing training and technical assistance for organizations administering direct care to foreign-born survivors of human trafficking across the country. Ms. Fleischauer has represented the immigrant victim services perspective on the New York State Domestic Violence Fatality Review Team, a position she was appointed to by Governor Cuomo in 2012. She also testifies as an expert witness on domestic violence-related trauma for state-level criminal cases. Ms. Fleischauer was appointed by Governor Cuomo as an inaugural member of the New York State Domestic Violence Fatality Review Team in 2012 and testifies as an expert witness on domestic violence-related trauma for state-level criminal cases. She was appointed to the New York State Office of Victim Services Advisory Counsel in 2017. She serves on the board of Freedom Network USA and is an active member of the New York Anti-Trafficking Network. Ms. Fleischauer has a master’s degree in social work from Columbia University and a certificate in Trauma Counseling from the University of Buffalo. She has specific expertise in program planning, multidisciplinary collaborative teams, and provides training to national audiences on the implementation of trauma-informed care within victim services programs.

Kristen McGeeney (Moderator)

Project Manager, IACP

Kristen McGeeney is a Project Manager in the Programs division of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), overseeing all programmatic, logistic, and financial details of the Enhancing Law Enforcement Anti-Human Trafficking Task Force Operations initiative, which provides targeted technical assistance and training to approximately 35 human trafficking task forces that receive funding from the U.S. Department of Justice. Previously, Kristen oversaw IACP’s Enhancing Community Trust: Proactive Approaches to Domestic & Sexual Violence initiative, on which she collaborated with nationally-recognized experts to develop resources and provide on-site and remote training and technical assistance for law enforcement and their community partners to enhance responses to victims of sexual violence, intimate partner/domestic violence, stalking, and strangulation. 

Prior to joining the IACP, Kristen served as a Special Investigator with the University of Maryland Office of Civil Rights & Sexual Misconduct, as the Title IX Coordinator at St. Mary’s College of Maryland, and as a police corporal at the McDaniel College Department of Campus Safety, where she oversaw the agency’s emergency medical services program, supervised an evening patrol shift, and served as an investigator specializing in gender-based violence. Kristen has been conducting law enforcement training on gender-based violence since 2012, including serving as an instructor at the Maryland Police Training Commission Police Academy; the Maryland Community Crime Prevention Institute; and the East Central University Safety Training and Technical Assistance for Administrators, Boards, and Law Enforcement (STTAABLE) Campus Program. Kristen is also a former trustee of the Rape Crisis Intervention Service of Carroll County, MD and holds a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology from McDaniel College in Westminster, MD. Currently, Kristen is pursuing a Master of Public Health (MPH) at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, as a fellow specializing in the study of violence in the Bloomberg American Health Initiative.  

Megan Zentner

Detective, Seattle Police Department, Washington Advisory Committee on Trafficking (WashACT) 

Detective Megan Bruneau Zentner has been with the Seattle Police Department (SPD) for 20 years and is currently assigned to the Criminal Intelligence Unit.  Megan has been assigned as SPD’s grant-funded Human Trafficking Detective for over 10 years and is a Task Force Officer with Homeland Security Investigations (Seattle office).  She is dedicated to a victim-centered, trauma-informed approach to human trafficking cases and works to bring creativity and diligence to all investigations. This has allowed her to develop excellent relationships with fellow investigators, prosecutors, immigration attorneys and NGO service providers. Megan has provided professional training on human trafficking investigations to law enforcement agencies locally, nationally, and internationally at the request of the Department of Justice, Homeland Security, and other agencies. As a patrol officer Megan worked at the West Precinct in downtown Seattle and was assigned to the VICE/High Risk Victims Unit for over 8 years.  Megan assisted the Street VICE Squad, Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Unit, multiple precinct Anti-Crime Team (ACT) Units, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) on various operations. Prior to becoming a sworn police officer in 2006, Megan spent her first five years with SPD as a civilian employee with the Victim Support Team (VST), an on-scene crisis intervention advocacy program for domestic violence victims and their children. After starting as a volunteer and working in the office through the AmeriCorps program, Megan became the VST Supervisor from 2003 to 2005. Megan is a graduate of the University of Washington.

Theresa Nietzel

Detective, Erie County Sheriff’s Office, Western District of New York Human Trafficking Task Force 

Detective Theresa Nietzel is assigned to the Narcotics & Intelligence Division within the Human Trafficking Unit for the Erie County Sheriff’s Office and also serves as the Program Director for the Western District of New York’s Human Trafficking Task Force & Alliance. Theresa has been working in law enforcement for 16 years, serving as a lead investigator of Human Trafficking investigations. Theresa Nietzel began her police officer career with the Town of Newburgh Police Department before becoming a Deputy Sheriff with the Erie County Sheriff’s Office in 2010.  

In 2019, Theresa was awarded the HSI Executive Director Award for Outstanding Efforts to Combat Human Trafficking as a Task Force Officer. In 2017, Theresa was awarded the Women in Federal Law Enforcement Partnership Award for her Outstanding Contribution as a State or Local Officer while serving as a Task Force Officer with Homeland Security Investigations on human trafficking investigations. After earning her Master’s Degree in Public Administration, she joined Medaille College as an adjunct professor. Theresa has also served in the United States Army Reserves as a Military Police Officer for 13 years.  

Nicholas Odenath  

Sergeant, Ventura County (CA) Sheriff’s Office, Ventura County Human Trafficking Task Force  

Sergeant Nick Odenath has been with the Ventura County Sheriff’s Office for the past 19 years, including six years as a detective investigating human trafficking. Nick has also served in several other capacities with the Ventura County Sheriff’s Office, including custody and patrol services, court services, narcotics investigations, asset forfeiture, financial investigations, and 6 years as a SWAT operator. Nick has become recognized for his lead on two large-scale human trafficking investigations that resulted in successful human trafficking prosecutions and used organized criminal investigative techniques that were victim-centric and specifically focused on mitigating a victim’s need to testify against their traffickers. He has performed case debriefs and trainings on the topic of human trafficking throughout the United States. Nick has also spoken on several panels addressing victim services and investigative techniques related to human trafficking cases.  

In March 2020, Nick was promoted to Sergeant and currently works as a Watch Commander at the Ventura County Pre-Trial Detention Facility. Nick continues to provide human trafficking training and case consults for various local, state and federal agencies; serves on the Ventura County Human Trafficking Tack Force committee for outreach and training; and works with community providers focused on combatting human trafficking within Ventura County. Nick also serves as the President for the Ventura County Deputy Sheriff’s Association.  

Jessie Plamp (Moderator)

Project Coordinator, IACP

Jessie Plamp is a member of the IACP Programs Team where she currently works as the Project Coordinator on the Enhancing Law Enforcement Human Trafficking Task Force Operations Program to support the needs of ECM task forces through training and curriculum development. She previously worked as the Project Assistant on the BJA Enhanced Collaborative Model (ECM) Human Trafficking Task Force Training and Technical Assistance (TTA) Program to support the needs of the local ECM task forces.  

Before joining the IACP Jessie worked as an Assistant Supervisor at Eye2Eye Optometry Office, overseeing staff and responding to the medical needs of patients. Jessie earned her Bachelor of Science in Neuroscience from Michigan State University and Master of Arts in Forensic Psychology from George Washington University. During her Master’s Program she was an intern at The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), where she developed curriculum modules, using Power Point and Google Slides, on the profile of cybercriminals.  

Erin Albright, JD

Founder & Principal, New Frameworks 

Erin Albright is an internationally recognized anti-trafficking expert with over a dozen years of experience establishing, guiding, and funding initiatives of all sizes and at every stage of development. A subject matter expert for the International Association of Chiefs of Police, the United Nations Office on Drugs & Crime, the U.S. Commission on Human Rights, and the California Office of Emergency Services, she has also worked globally with countries from Armenia to Uzbekistan. In the U. S., her partners and clients range from the Department of Justice and the American Bar Association to 23 state and local task forces. In 2016, she received a Commendation from (former) New Hampshire (NH) Governor Maggie Hassan, and formal recognition by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) and NH Senators Jean Shaheen and Kelly Ayotte for her work on behalf of survivors and with the NH Collaborative Task Force.  Her most recent accolade was a three-year Visiting Fellowship with the U.S. Department of Justice’s (DOJ’s) Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), where she worked with task forces across the country, and created new frameworks for building capacity and collaboration in a rapidly evolving field. A graduate of Mary Washington College and Boston College Law School, Albright is a member of the Massachusetts Bar. 

Brittany DuChaussee

Assistant Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General 

Brittany DuChaussee is the Deputy Director of Special Prosecutions at the New Mexico Office of the Attorney General. In this position, DuChaussee prosecutes crimes against children including physical and sexual abuse, labor trafficking, sex trafficking and internet crimes against children. In 2019, she secured the first labor trafficking conviction in New Mexico since the adoption of a human trafficking statute in 2008. In 2018, DuChaussee received the Justice Pamela B. Minzer Outstanding Advocacy for Women Award for her work prosecuting cases which protect the most vulnerable populations in our community. Since 2014, DuChaussee has spent her career concentrating on violent crimes against women and children both at the Office of the Attorney General and at the Second Judicial District Attorney’s Office in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

 Joseph Scaramucci 

Detective, McLennan County Sheriff’s Office, Heart of Texas Human Trafficking Coalition

Detective Scaramucci began his career in law enforcement in 2004 and was promoted to Detective in 2008 with the McLennan County Sheriff’s Office, investigating Crimes Against Persons.  Since initiating investigations in Human Trafficking in 2014, Detective Scaramucci has participated in John Suppression events, arresting over 450 sex buyers. Since 2015 he has conducted sting operations resulting in the arrest of approximately 135 individuals for Human Trafficking and related offenses, which lead to the identification of approximately 250 trafficking victims. Detective Scaramucci has worked both State and Federal investigation as a Task Force Officer with H.S.I., which has led to investigations and arrests throughout the U.S. and Canada. He has also lead and trained numerous agencies throughout the U.S. on how to conduct these operations, along with operations targeting Illicit Massage Parlors. Detective Scaramucci is certified in Courts of Law as a Subject Matter Expert in Human Trafficking. He is further employed as a consultant for the Polaris Project, and Collective Liberty, training more than 278 agencies throughout the 29 states, 11 federal agencies, branches of the U.S. Military, the Mongolian Federal Police and Prosecutors Offices, along with providing technical support for their Human Trafficking Operations and Investigations.

Kate Crisham  

Assistant U.S. Attorney, Western District Of Washington, Washington Advisory Committee on Trafficking (WashACT) 

Kate Crisham is an Assistant United States Attorney in the Terrorism and Violent Crime Unit in the Western District of Washington, where she serves as her office’s Human Trafficking Coordinator and prosecutes a wide variety of violent crimes, including human trafficking, forced labor, and cases involving the sexual exploitation of children and adults. She is also the co-chair of the Washington Advisory Committee on Trafficking (WashACT) and represents the United States Attorney’s Office as a member of the Washington State Task Force Against the Trafficking of Persons. AUSA Crisham has given numerous presentations and trainings on human trafficking to both law enforcement and community organizations. AUSA Crisham was a law clerk to the Honorable Diana E. Murphy of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit and a litigation associate at a large Chicago law firm before joining the Department of Justice in 2007. She is a graduate of the University of Notre Dame and the Georgetown University Law Center.

Key:

Complete
Failed
Available
Locked
Participant Information Survey and Pre-Test
Participant Information Survey
7 Questions
Effective Strategies to Investigate and Prosecute Labor Trafficking in the U.S. Pre-Test
5 Questions  |  Unlimited attempts  |  0/9 points to pass
5 Questions  |  Unlimited attempts  |  0/9 points to pass
Session One: Identifying Labor Trafficking in the U.S.
Identifying Labor Trafficking in the U.S.
Select the "View Training Session" button to begin.
Select the "View Training Session" button to begin. The purpose of this training is to define labor trafficking, analyze how “coercion” can be proved in labor trafficking cases, describe populations vulnerable to labor trafficking, identify how offenders recruit and control victims in a variety of labor trafficking venues, identify common challenges to victim identification, and collaborate law enforcement and community partners to better identify victims of labor trafficking.
Identifying Labor Trafficking in the U.S. PowerPoint Slides
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
Understanding the Organizational Operation and Victimization Process of Labor Trafficking in the United States
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
Federal Human Trafficking Civil Ligitation
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
Polaris US National Human Trafficking Hotline Data Report
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
Identifying Labor Trafficking in the U.S. Evaluation
9 Questions
Section Two: Trauma-Informed Approaches and Interviewing of Labor Trafficking Victims in the U.S.
Trauma-Informed Approaches and Interviewing of Labor Trafficking Victims in the U.S.
Select the "View Training Session" button to begin.
Select the "View Training Session" button to begin. The purpose of this training is to define trauma-informed practice, identify common effects of trauma and how they may present in labor trafficking victims, acknowledge that trauma, fear, and culture affect a labor trafficking victim’s ability to disclose their victimization and participate in an investigation or prosecution, and conduct interviews to minimize re-traumatization and maximize information gathering.
Trauma-Informed Approaches and Interviewing of Labor Trafficking Victims in the U.S. PowerPoint Slides
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
Before Case Goes to Trial
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
Trauma-Informed Approaches and Interviewing of Labor Trafficking Victims in the U.S. Evaluation
9 Questions
Section Three: Investigating Labor Trafficking in the U.S.
Investigating Labor Trafficking in the U.S.
Select the "View Training Session" button to begin.
Select the "View Training Session" button to begin. The purpose of this training is to identify how labor trafficking cases may come to the attention of police and allied professionals, develop strategies for investigating labor trafficking, articulate probable cause for labor trafficking arrests, and implement collaborative responses to suspected labor trafficking, including civil and criminal authorities.
Investigating Labor Trafficking in the U.S. PowerPoint Slides
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
Investigating Labor Trafficking in the U.S. Evaluation
9 Questions
Section Four: Language Access and Immigration Relief Tools in Labor Trafficking Investigations in the U.S.
Language Access and Immigration Relief Tools in Labor Trafficking Investigations in the U.S.
Select the "View Training Session" button to begin.
Select the "View Training Session" button to begin. The purpose of this training is to articulate the differences between T visas, U visas, and Continued Presence; utilize immigration relief tools to improve victim participation in the criminal justice system; enhance victim safety by certifying that an individual is a victim of qualifying offenses; strategize how to address the victims’ immigration status during trial; implement the proper steps to comply with legal requirements regarding language access; effectively use interpreters to engage with victims and ensure statements made by defendants are admissible; and provide culturally appropriate language access to non-English speaking victims.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security Blue Campaign Pamphlet Continued Presence
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
Language Access and Immigration Relief Tools in Labor Trafficking Investigations in the U.S. PowerPoint Slides
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
U Visa Certification
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
T Visa Law Enforcement Declaration
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
Language Access Guidance
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
U Visa Immigration Relief for Victims of Certain Crimes
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
U and T Visa Law Enforcement Resource Guide
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
USCIS U Visa Law Enforcement Resource Guide
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
Language Access and Immigration Relief Tools in Labor Trafficking Investigations in the U.S. Evaluation
8 Questions
Section Five: Achieving Justice in Labor Trafficking Cases in the U.S.
Achieving Justice in Labor Trafficking Cases in the U.S.
Select the "View Training Session" button to begin.
Select the "View Training Session" button to begin.
Maximizing Justice Building a Prosecution Review Process
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
Achieving Justice in Labor Trafficking Cases in the U.S. PowerPoint Slides
Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
Achieving Justice in Labor Trafficking Cases in the U.S. Evaluation
9 Questions
Post-Test
Effective Strategies to Investigate and Prosecute Labor Trafficking in the U.S. Post-Test
5 Questions  |  Unlimited attempts  |  7/9 points to pass
5 Questions  |  Unlimited attempts  |  7/9 points to pass
Course Completion
IACP Credit Hours and Certificate of Completion
No credits available  |  Certificate available
No credits available  |  Certificate available